The Daboia is often found in agricultural
regions, which is problematic as many
encounters with humans are unavoidable.
The Russel’s Viper or Daboia russelii is
responsible for a high morbidity (symptoms
indicating Russel’s viper bite) and fatalities.
One of the drawbacks of its bites is that it
potentially causes acute renal failure. Full
recovery from bites from a Russel’s Viper is
rare, as the kidney’s are severely damaged by
the snake’s venom.
Its venom also acts as a hemorrhagic toxin
causing bleeding, usually starting from the
gums. Another common symptom is the
paralysis of muscles in the neck, also known
as the broken neck syndrome.
Although there is only one species, species
from different geographic regions have venom
slightly different in nature and effect.
Therefore, antivenin effective in India may not
be that efficient in Sri Lanka or Ceylon; luckily,
personnel at many hospitals know this