Baldev Chager Nears Sealing The K.N.R.C 2013 Championship With Only 3 Rounds Remaining



KENYA NATIONAL RALLY CHAMPIONSHIP STANDINGS
As Per Round 5:
Drivers
1.Baldev Chager 360
2.Ian Duncan 220
3.Carl Tundo 200
4.Azar Anwar 210
5.Quentin Mitchell 165
Navigators
1.Ravi Soni 360
2.Amaar Slatch 220
3.Julius Ngigi 210
4.Tim Jessop 200
5.Robin Dimbleby 165
2WD CLASS
Drivers
1. Dennis Mwenda 320
2. Dalbir Thethy 210
3. Adnan Suheil 160
4. Joan Nesbitt 125
5. Sammy Nyorri 110
Navigators
1. Edward Njoroge 320
2. Julius Mwachuya 210
3. Salim Khan 160
4. Tamara Jones 125
5. Steven Nyorri 110
CLASSIC CAR CUP
Drivers
1. Hardev S. Sira 315
2. Aslam Khan 230
3. Malcom Destro 220
4. Ramesh Vishram 200
5. Iain Freestone 80
Navigators
1.Jasneil S. Ghataure 245
2.Simon Bates 200
3.Atul Kochhar 190
4.Tim Challen 160
5.Arshad Khan 120
KNRC DIV 2
Drivers
1. Frank Tundo 275
2. Jaspreet Chatthe 240
3. Don Smith 165
4. Manveer Baryan 150
5. Onkar Rai 100
Navigators
1. Natasha Decangio 280
2. Gurdeep Panesar 240
3. Bob Kaugi190
4. Raju Chagger 110
5. Kavit Dave100
KNRC DIV 3
Drivers
1. Jasmeet Chana 290
2. Rajbir Rai 210
3. Tejvir Rai 205
4. Issa Amwari 195
5. Farhaaz Khan 165
Navigators
1. Rohit Bhudia 290
2. Supee Soin 210
3. Job Njiru 195
4. George Njoroge 154
5. Tariq Malik 136
S-SPV CLASS
Drivers
1. Alisdair Keith 260
2. Jaswinder Chana260
3. Alex Horsey 220
4. Mahesh Halai 210
5. Stanley Thuo 165
Navigators
1. Ravi Chana 260
2. Tariq Malik 260
3. Ketan Halai 210
4. Mwangi Waithaka135
5. James Mwangi 125

FACTS rumoured about Paul Kobia, the self confessed Fidel Odinga KILLER

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Facts about Kobia you did not know;
-Paul kobia alias paul illunga Ngoei
Also called Prezdaa, was born in 27 feb
1967,
-He was a priest in Tanzania, has a wife
and four children .
–He accompanied Uhuru to the Hague
-Takes care of 10 children in university ,
and 40 in primary and secondary.
Sonko, Jaguar are his friends .
-He has a missing finger on his left
hand , ”Rumor has it that it was
chopped off by a rival business man”.
-He is a billionaire .
-Has 4 licensed guns – one a browning
Pistol M 5353 serial Number 480921 .
TWO RIFFLES AND SHORT GUN .

Col Paul kobia kenyatta,
12:27 PM – 14 Dec 2014
paul kobia
@PaulKobia Follow
33 RETWEETS 3 FAVORITES
-He killed a man by shooting him in
parklands limuru road – his name
Wanjohi Mugwanja 31yrs
-Geoffrey Thuku Kobia is his Son- Only
25 yrs of Age, Run for Nairobi Governor
seat , and gunnered 5,314 votes . under
jubilee coalition.
He was named by UN as a smuggler of
Gold from Congo.
-Loves young models .
-Got taste for designer wear.
_ He got mixed up in politics of
intimidation leading to his beating by
the elite trained bodyguards of former
Prime minister Raila odinga.when he
came too close to the PM.
-He claims to be a very close friend to
President Uhuru Kenyatta

MH370 conspiracy theories: what happened to the missing plane?

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In the ongoing absence of firm evidence
about the fate of missing flight MH370,
the world’s conspiracy theorists have
weighed in with explanations of their own
for the disappearance of the Malaysia
Airways plane.
The susbsequent crash of flight MH17,
shot down over eastern Ukraine, added to
speculation, while a lack of clarity from
Malaysian officials about the earlier
mystery allowed rumours to flourish.
Relatives of some passengers on board the
flight have offered a $3m reward for
information in the belief that details of the
investigation are being withheld from them.
Even the Malaysian opposition leader,
Anwar Ibrahim, has accused his country’s
government of holding back “missing bits of
information”, giving fuel to the conspiracy
theories. He asked how a country with “one
of the most sophisticated” radar systems in
the world could simply lose track of an
aeroplane. Similar doubts have been
expressed by the chief executive of
Emirates, Tim Clark.
Flight MH17 conspiracy theories
A poll conducted by CNN in the summer
found that one in ten Americans believe
that “space aliens, time travellers or beings
from another dimension” were involved in
the plane’s disappearance.
The claim that investigators still can’t rule
out the possibility that Flight MH370 landed
rather than crashed has also reignited the
debate: according to the CNN poll, 21 per
cent of people believe that at least some
people from the flight survived.
The Australian-led search operation is now
looking for the plane along the so-called
“seventh arc”, a remote area of the
southern Indian Ocean.
But far away from the scene of the search,
on the internet’s more excitable fringes,
individuals have been working on theories
of their own to plug the information gaps.
Here are some of the best (and weirdest):
Life insurance scam
In March last year, Malaysian police
refused to rule out the possibility that the
entire incident may have been a
complicated insurance scam.
“Maybe somebody on the flight has bought a
huge sum of insurance, who wants family
to gain from it or somebody who has owed
somebody so much money, you know, we
are looking at all possibilities,” said Tan
Sri Khalid Abu Bakar Malaysia’s Inspector-
General of Police.
Authorities said that they would consider
all possible motives, no matter how
unlikely they seemed, and would investigate
all passengers and crew for any sign of
unusual behaviour.
“We are looking very closely at the video
footage taken at the KLIA (Kuala Lumpur
International Airport),” he added. “We are
studying the behavioural pattern of all the
passengers.”
China and Edward Snowden
Reddit user Dark_Spectre has a theory that
links the disappearance of MH370 with
Edward Snowden’s revelations about the
extent of US surveillance.
The theory is based on the fact that the
flight was carrying 20 employees of
Freescale Semiconductor – a company
which may have worked with the NSA to
develop surveillance technology, according
to Snowden’s documents.
Dark_Spectre writes: “We have the
American IBM Technical Storage Executive
for Malaysia, a man working in mass
storage aggregation for the company
implicated by the Snowden papers for
providing their services to assist the
National Security Agency in surveilling the
Chinese. And now this bunch of US chip
guys working for a global leader in
embedded processing solutions (embedded
smart phone tech and defence contracting)
all together… on a plane… and disappeared.
Coincidence?”
The Reddit sleuth suggests that the apparent
disappearance of flight MH370 may actually
have been the result of an audacious
attempt by China to capture a group of
private contractors who helped the NSA to
conduct spy operations against them.
“Honestly, what would 200 lives be to the
Chinese intelligence community for the
opportunity to find out exactly the depth
and scope of our intrusion,” Dark_Spectre
concludes.
Hijacked by Afghans
The missing Boeing 777 was hijacked and
flown to a small village in Afghanistan,
according to a Russian newspaper.
A military source reportedly told the
Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper: “Flight
MH370 Malaysia Airlines missing on March
8 with 239 passengers was hijacked.
“Pilots are not guilty; the plane was
hijacked by unknown terrorists. We know
that the name of the terrorist who gave
instructions to pilots is ‘Hitch’. The plane is
in Afghanistan not far from Kandahar near
the border with Pakistan.”
Others have elaborated on the theory,
suggesting that passengers have been divided
into seven groups and are living in mud
huts with almost no food.
MH370 and MH17 were in fact the same
plane
One theory that has gained traction over the
summer is the suggestion that the airliner
that crashed in a field in Ukraine was in
fact the lost flight MH370, not the scheduled
flight MH17 from Amsterdam to Kuala
Lumpur.
According to the theory, proposed by a
number of sites, including
humansarefree.com , MH370 was hijacked
and forced to land safely in an undisclosed
location. Some believers say that the plane
was taken to the US military base Diego
Garcia – believed to be within range of
where the MH370 disappeared – and then
deliberately crashed near Donetsk by US
agents months later in a “false flag”
operation designed to discredit Russia.
Subsequent world events have played into
the theorists’ hands, as a number of
countries accused Russia of providing
military support to Ukrainian separatists –
including Buk missile launchers capable of
shooting down planes at high altitudes. The
EU and US subsequently tightened their
sanctions on Moscow.
To support their argument, some
commentators, such as Opob News, point to
the fact that wreckage found
in Ukraine seems to have a different
configuration of windows to the actual
MH17, and that a Malaysian flag on the side
of the fuselage is not in the right place.
Others have suggested that these pictures
are fake.
Alien abduction
Five per cent of Americans surveyed by
Reason.com believe that the plane was
abducted by aliens. Some bloggers have
pointed to a number of recent UFO sightings
in Malaysia as evidence for extraterrestrial
intervention. Alexandra Bruce, from
Forbidden Knowledge TV , “proves” the
involvement of aliens with her analysis of
radar data. She claims that footage posted
on YouTube shows the presence of
something that “can only be termed a UFO”
in the skies over Malaysia. Of course, that
means something that is “unidentified”
rather than aliens.
A 9/11-style false-flag hijack mission
No conspiracy is complete without Israeli
involvement, and MH370 is no exception.
According to this theory, Israeli agents
planned to crash the Malaysia Airways
plane into a building, as in the September
11 attacks, and then blame the atrocity on
Iran. Proponents point to the quick
identification of two Iranian nationals
travelling on forged passports, and claims
that CCTV images released of the pair had
been doctored. More extravagantly, some
have claimed that a Malaysia Airways
Boeing 777 identical to the one that went
missing “had been stored in a hangar in Tel
Aviv since November 2013″.

Germany Pegida protests: Rallies over ‘Islamisation’

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There have been weekly protests by the
Patriotic Europeans against the Islamisation
of the West (Pegida) since October.
A record 18,000 people turned out on Monday
at one rally in Dresden.
But counter demonstrations have sprung up
and the group has been condemned by senior
German politicians.
Thousands of people are marching in Berlin,
Cologne, Dresden and Stuttgart.
In Berlin, police said that some 5,000 counter-
demonstrators blocked hundreds of Pegida
supporters from marching along their planned
route.
A total of 22,000 anti-Pegida demonstrators
rallied in Stuttgart, Muenster and Hamburg,
according to the DPS news agency.
But in Dresden, police said that 18,000 people
turned up for just one anti-immigration rally.
The counter-demonstration attracted 3,000
people.
In Cologne, the authorities switched off the
lights of the city’s cathedral as a way of
telling Pegida supporters they are supporting
“extremists”.
“We don’t think of it as a protest, but we
would like to make the many conservative
Christians [who support Pegida] think about
what they are doing,” the dean of the
cathedral, Norbert Feldhoff, told the BBC.
Only about 250 Pegida supporters showed up
in Cologne, compared to thousands of
counter-demonstrators.
Much of the city centre was also plunged into
darkness as lights were switched off at major
buildings and bridges across the Rhine,
according to the news agency DPA.
In Dresden, carmaker Volkswagen said it was
also keeping its manufacturing plant dark to
show that the company “stands for an open,
free and democratic society.”
German Chancellor Angela Merkel attacked the
movement in her new year speech, saying its
leaders have “prejudice, coldness, even hatred
in their hearts”.
Pegida organiser Kathrin Oertel responded in a
speech at the rally in Dresden. She said that
there was “political repression” in Germany
once again.
“Or how would you see it when we are insulted
or called racists or Nazis openly by all the
political mainstream parties and media for
our justified criticism of Germany’s asylum
seeker policies and the non-existent
immigration policy?”
A poll of just over 1,000 people carried out by
Germany’s Stern magazine found one in eight
Germans would join an anti-Islam march if
Pegida organised one near their home.
Germany receives more refugees and asylum
seekers than any other EU country. Many of
those have come from war-torn Syria.pedigapediga

Russel’s Viper,Worlds Deadliest Snake

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The Daboia is often found in agricultural
regions, which is problematic as many
encounters with humans are unavoidable.
The Russel’s Viper or Daboia russelii is
responsible for a high morbidity (symptoms
indicating Russel’s viper bite) and fatalities.
One of the drawbacks of its bites is that it
potentially causes acute renal failure. Full
recovery from bites from a Russel’s Viper is
rare, as the kidney’s are severely damaged by
the snake’s venom.
Its venom also acts as a hemorrhagic toxin
causing bleeding, usually starting from the
gums. Another common symptom is the
paralysis of muscles in the neck, also known
as the broken neck syndrome.
Although there is only one species, species
from different geographic regions have venom
slightly different in nature and effect.
Therefore, antivenin effective in India may not
be that efficient in Sri Lanka or Ceylon; luckily,
personnel at many hospitals know this

Why Israel And Palestine Are Fighting And Will Continue To Fight

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Israelis and Arabs have been fighting over Gaza on and off, for decades. It’s part of the wider Arab Israeli conflict.
After World War II and the Holocaust in which six million Jewish people were killed, more Jewish people wanted their own country.
They were given a large part of Palestine, which they considered their traditional home but the Arabs who already lived there and in neighbouring countries felt that was unfair and didn’t accept the new country.
A history of the Gaza conflict
In 1948, the two sides went to war. When it ended, Gaza was controlled by Egypt and another area, the West Bank, by Jordan. They contained thousands of Palestinians who fled what was now the new Jewish home, Israel.
Israel’s recognition
But then, in 1967, after another war, Israel occupied these Palestinian areas and Israeli troops stayed there for years. Israelis hoped they might exchange the land they won for Arab countries recognising Israel’s right to exist and an end to the fighting.
Israel finally left Gaza in 2005 but soon after, a group called Hamas won elections and took control there. Much of the world calls Hamas a terrorist organisation. It refuses to recognise Israel as a country and wants Palestinians to be able to return to their old home – and will use violence to achieve its aims. Since then, Israel has held Gaza under a blockade, which means it controls its borders and limits who can get in and out.
Life in Gaza
Life for the many of the 1.5 million Palestinians who live in the Gaza Strip is difficult. Israel controls its coastline and all the entry and exit crossings into Israel. There is another crossing point into Egypt. There is no working airport. Because access is so restricted, not many goods get into or out of Gaza. Food is allowed in, but aid agencies say families are not eating as much meat or fresh vegetables and fruit as they used to. There are often power cuts.
Large numbers of people are unemployed because businesses can get very few of their products out of Gaza to sell, and people don’t have much money to buy things.
Palestinian refugees
During the 1948 and 1967 wars hundreds of thousands of Palestinians left, or were forced out of, their homes and moved to neighbouring countries to become refugees.
More than 4.6 million Palestinians are refugees and their descendants, many living in camps in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. They get help from the United Nations.
Violence in Gaza
Though the Palestinians don’t have an army, rockets are regularly fired from Gaza into Israel. Israelis living in border towns are used to having to take shelter and adapting their lives to deal with the rockets.
In the years since Israel withdrew its troops in 2005, Gaza has seen several Israeli offensives. Israel says these were aimed at putting a stop to rocket fire.
In 2008, Israel sent soldiers into Gaza. An estimated 1,300 people, many of them civilians, were killed in Gaza before a ceasefire was declared; 13 Israeli soldiers also died.
In 2012, at least 167 Palestinians and six Israelis were killed during an Israeli operation. After eight days a ceasefire was declared with both sides promising to stop attacks.
Most recently in July 2014, Palestinian authorities said over 200 people were killed by Israeli air strikes and many more injured. Israel says more than 1,100 rockets were fired from Gaza, seriously injuring at least four Israelis, with one Israeli man killed.
Peace Process
Other countries, particularly America, have worked hard to settle the fighting between the Arabs and Israelis but so far nothing has worked. Many people want Gaza and the West Bank to be turned into a new country – Palestine. Israel won’t agree to this unless it feels safe – and Hamas accepts its right to exist. The other sticking points are what will happen to Israelis who’ve settled in the West Bank, who will run Jerusalem and what will happen to the Palestinian refugees.

Israel-Palestine Conflict Part 2

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Israel’s Legal Case for the West Bank
Jordan occupied both Jerusalem and the West Bank during the 1948-49 war and only gained these areas via war and the ‘Green Line’ of the UN armistice. These areas had never formally been allocated to Jordan and so were strictlyunallocated Palestine Mandate territory.So since there is no legal ownership of Judea and Samaria, these areas cannot be regarded as ‘occupied’ lands. Between 1949 and 1967 Jordan simply attempted illegal annexation of this newly gained territory.
Eminent legal scholars, such as Eugene Rostow (Undersecretary of State to Lyndon Johnson and Professor Emeritus at Yale Law School) therefore maintain that Israeli settlers have as much right to live in the West Bank as non-Jews. The Israeli Government follows this argument and denies that the occupation of the West Bank is illegal on the grounds that the land was not previously occupied lawfully by any other state.

The Refugee and West Bank Problem
*.1949: At this time around 700,000 Arabs fled to neighbouring Arab countries, whilst over 800,000 Jews were forced to leave Muslim countries after their property was confiscated. Israel offered to repatriate 100,000 Arab refugees in April 1949 but this was rejected.
*.1952: The UN offered $200m for the refugees but this was also rejected by Arab governments.
*.1967: The armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon (and later Iraq) attacked Israel. Their goal was “to wipe Israel off the map”. Israel defeated the attack even though the Arab armies had huge superiority in armour, aircraft and troops. After the war Israel held Sinai, the Golan Heights, the West Bank and all of Jerusalem. Some 1 million Arabs were now under Israeli rule. It seems each time Arab countries attack Israel, their end state is worse than their first. Are we seeing the hand of God protecting Israel (Isa 54.15-17)(Zech 2.5-8)?
*.1973: In October 1973 Egypt and Syria launched another attack on Israel (the Yom Kippur War). Israel withdrew from Sinai in 1982.
*.1996: Israel withdraws troops from Gaza and most cities and towns of the West Bank. Palestinians authorities take control.
*.2002: Israel reoccupied all of the West Bank following waves of Palestinian suicide attacks.
*.2003: Israel erected security barriers along the Green Line to prevent more suicide attacks, and made unilateral withdrawal from Gaza. From 2000 to 2003 there were 73 attacks from Samaria killing 293 Israeli’s, but after construction of Israel’s Security Fenceattacks have declined by over 90%. This is, of course, at the expense of severe hardship for many Palestinians.
*.2003-2004: In response to Palestinian attacks, the IDF recaptures parts of the Gaza Strip. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon presents a Disengagement Plan from Gaza and the northern West Bank, which met with intense opposition from fellow Likud members and from settlers. To aid Israel in this withdrawal, President Bush stated that, in his view, “Israel should not have to withdraw to the 1949 Armistice borders”.
*.2005-2008: Knesset ratifies Sharon’s Disengagement Plan. Government announces August 15 as the day disengagement is set to begin. Passionate, nationwide anti-disengagement protests begin. Israel withdraws unilaterally from Gaza on August 15. After the election of Hamas in 2006 there was a steady increase of rocket attacks against Israel’s citizens. Between 2001 and January 2009, over 8,600 rockets had been launched from Gaza, leading to 28 deaths and widespread trauma.
*.2008: Israel’s Prime Minister Ehud Olmert offered the Palestinians an independent state in all of Gaza and over 93.5 percent of the West Bank. He offered them land swaps from Israel to make up for the less than 6.5 percent of the West Bank they would not receive. He also offered them half of Jerusalem. By some accounts, the Palestinians turned this offer down. By other accounts, they simply never responded to it. [Christians United For Israel].
*.2008-2012: On 27 December 2008 Israel launched a wave of airstrikes against targets within the Gaza Strip, with the stated aim of stopping rocket fire from and arms import into the territory. In a continued attempt to stop frequent rocket barrages, Israel assassinated two more of Gaza’s leaders in October 2012. This resulted in the 8-day conflict between Gaza and Israel in November 2012 – a conflcit which saw Palestinian rockets strike the outskirts of Jerusalem.
The Two-State Solution is Unworkable and Unbiblical. As stated above, a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian problem was proposed in 1938 and 1947, and each time it was rejected by the Arab leadership. Today it is still under discussion, but again it is unlikely to succeed given the Arab position. To date, the Palestinian Authority maintains the following position:

Israel-Palestine Conflict Part 3

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*.It does not recognise Israel as a Jewish State
*.It maintains that Gaza, East Jerusalem and the West Bank are Palestinian Territories
*.It maintains that East Jerusalemis the capital of the future Palestinian State
*.It maintains that no Israeli should be living in Palestine
All four of these positions are currently totally unacceptable to the Israeli leadership. For example:
“The Jewish people have been in existence for 4,000 years. Why do we not deserve recognition?” [Binyamin Netanyahu, 2013]
“Jerusalem is the indivisible capital of Israel” [Binyamin Netanyahu, 2013]
But even more significantly, any sub-division of the land covenanted to the nation of Israel by God goes against God’s will. Who’s land is it really? It belongs to the God of Israel – it is His land:
“I will enter into judgment with them … (because) they have divided up My land” (Joel 3.2)
The Future – a Biblical View
We have tried to ascertain how the Palestinian problem arose. Our brief analysis suggests it has been fuelled partly by a combination of so-called Zionism (returning Jews with a vision for Zion or Jerusalem), and repeated Arab refusal to recognise Israel and to accept both an Arab state and an Israeli state. But deeper analysissuggests that the root cause of the conflict with Israel is less of an Arab-Israeli conflict, and more of a conflict with the ideology of political Islam. It can be argued that, in general, the Bible does not support the idea of long-term Arab aggression against Israel – in fact God blesses the emergence of the Arab nations (Gen 17.19-21). But, as Islam took over these nations from the 7th century, aspiritual battle between truth and errorhas emerged, with the Arab nations being used as a vehicle for practical expression of this battle.
We have also seen that what the media describes as ‘occupied land’, cannot be described as occupied from a legal point of view.
Now let’s summarise the big picture as described in the Bible (see Israelfor a fuller explanation):
*.God promised by covenant that He would give all the land of Canaan (modern Israel) to Abraham and his descendents. This was ‘forever’. (Gen 17.7,8)
*.The covenant was established through Isaac and not through Ishmael. So the Jews are the true descendents of Abraham in the covenant sense and they keep this covenant through circumcision. (Gen 17.10,20,21)
*.The covenant people (national Israel – the twelve tribes) have been chosen by God to be His witnesses and servant in the world. They are a special people through whom God will make a name for Himself. (Isa 43.1,10)(2 Sam 7.23)
*.Through this people all the nations of the earth will be blessed – a reference to the Messiah, Jesus. (Gen 22.18)(Acts 3.25)
*.In the last days God will take scattered Israel (the 12 tribes) from among the nations and bring them into their own land. (Jer 30.3)(Ezek 37.21)(Zech 8.7,8)
*.Most of Israel returns in unbelief in that they do not acknowledge Jesus as Saviour and Lord, but God will speak to them. (Zech 12.10-14) (Rom 11.26,27)
*.When Israel returns, the land itself will be blessed and become more fruitfull. (Isa 35.1,2)(Ezek 36.8-12)
*.Close to the end of this age, Israel will experience a brief time of false peace (Dan 9.27), and then severe persecution from the end-time world ruler. (Jer 30.7)(Mat 24.15-25)
*.At the very end of this age, just prior to the Second Coming of Christ, all nations will gather against Jerusalem for war. (Zech 14.2)
*.The remnant of Israel that survives these attacks come through into the millennial reign of Christ. (Zech 13.8,9)
*.During the millennium the whole world will live in peace and security as Christ rules from Zion (Jerusalem), and the world acknowledges Israel as God’s servant and witness. (Zech 8.22,23)(Zech 14.9-21)
Observation of the world scene confirms the biblical picture. Israel is indeed returning, the land is indeed being blessed, and the nations are surely raging against her (see also Reality).
What of the Palestinians?
The Bible instructs the people of Israel how they should treat foreigners (non-Jews). Old Testament Israel was commanded to love foreigners and to let them live normal lives amongst them (Deut 10.19):
“When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall do him no wrong … (he) … shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself …” (Lev 19.33,34)
This instruction is timeless and applies to future Israel. Once Israel has returned to her land, the land is divided up amongst the tribes of Israel and the stranger amongst them is also ‘allotted an inheritance’:

Israel-Palestine Conflict Part 1


The Land of Israel pre-1948
During the seventh century Arab armies conquered most of the Middle East, including the land now variously called Israel, Palestine and the Holy Land (some 10,000 square miles). This area, including Jerusalem, became part of the Ottoman Empire and was largely under Muslim control until the early 1900’s. Significantly, Jerusalem became holy to Muslims as the site where tradition says Mohammed ascended to heaven (although some claim he never set foot in Jerusalem). Over this period most of the population gradually accepted Islam and so by the mid 19th century the area was occupied by some 400,000 Muslims, 75,000 Christians and 25,000 Jews [World Vision].
Despite the strong Muslim presence, by the early 20th century the land was a mix of many peoples representing some 50 languages [1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica]. According to historian Richard Hartmann, prior to the creation of Israel in 1948these communities were ‘ethnologically a chaos of all the possible human combinations’, and so did not share a common Arab identity.They included Balkans, Greeks, Syrians, Egyptians, Turks, Armenians, Italians, Persians, Kurds, Germans, Afghans, Bosnians, Sudanese, Algerians and others.The land was not a ‘country’ and had no frontiers, only administrative boundaries[Prof. Bernard Lewis].
This strong ethnic mix meant there was no distinctive Palestinian people at the start of the 20th century, although there were stirrings for nationalism in response to Zionism. The term ‘Palestine’ seems to have come to prominence after the Balfour Declaration in 1917, when shortly after this the British were given a ‘Palestine Mandate’. Is was only really after WWI that we find an emergence of Palestinian nationalism and an identifiable ‘Palestinian People’ [James Gelvin][Rashid Khalidi]. Some see this as a response to the threat posed by Zionism, when waves of Jewish immigrants arrived in Palestine between 1919 and 1939.
Timeline for the Partitioning of Palestine
*.1917:
Under the 1917 Balfour Declaration, Britain supported the creation of a Jewish home in Palestine, without violating the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities. Initially the mandate defined ‘Palestine’ as spanning both west and east of the Jordan.
*.1922: The British Mandate was formalized in 1922 and this redefined the boundary of Palestine as west of the river Jordan, including Judea and Samaria – an area now called the West Bank. The area east of the Jordan was called ‘Transjordan’, which subsequently became Jordan. The Arab communities wanted as little to do with the mandate as possible.
*.1920’s: During the late 1920’s Jewish immigration and investment benefited the indigenous people and Arab standard of living in the area increased.
*.1937-38: The Peel and Woodhead commissions of 1937 and 1938 recommended partitioning Palestine into a small Jewish state and a large Arab state, but this was rejected by the Arab leadership (which included Saudi Arabia).
*.1947: Nearly half the land of Palestine was owned by Arabs, nearly half was “Crown Lands”, and about 8% was owned by Jews. In 1947 a UN Special Commission on Palestine recommended that this area be divided equally, with open borders, into an Arab state and a Jewish state. Jerusalem was to be ‘internationalized’. The UN General Assembly adopted this plan as UN Resolution 181. The Jews accepted the UN resolution but the Arabs rejected it.
*.1948: The Jews proclaimed an independent State of Israel and the British withdrew from Palestine.
*.1948-49: Arab nations, notably the Egyptian and Syrian armies, invaded Israel. During this war the Israel Defence Force (IDF) was formed. At the end of the war Israel held territory beyond the boundaries set by the UN plan (approximately 78% of the area west of the Jordan) and Jerusalem was divided between Jordan and Israel, Jordan holding east Jerusalem. Egypt held Gaza and Jordan held the West Bank (Judea and Samaria).
The Arab countries refused to sign a permanent peace treaty with Israel and so the UN Commission proposals never received legal international recognition. Instead, Israel’s borders were re-established along the ‘Green Line’ of the 1949 UN armistice agreements. This is a line excluding Israel from the West Bank and Gaza (see map).
The fact that these borders were not recognised by Arab states (since they refused to recognise Israel) underscores Israel’s legal case for the West Bank.

Jassi Chatthe Claims Maiden K.N.R.C Win In The KCB M Benki Rally 2014 In Nanyuki

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Team Kiboss’s Jassi Chatthe won the KCB M-Benki Nanyuki Rally. This is jassi’s maiden win in the kenya national rally championship as he’s 2nd in the African Rally Championship 2014. Carl Tundo’s car stalled in the last section at Batian View due to fuel pump problems,Boldy retired with alternator gremlins in the long Loldaiga stage. Here’s The Provisional Results
1. Jaspreet Chatthe/Dave Sihoka (EVOX) 1h 49m 33s
2. Raaji Bharij/Jasneil S. Ghataure (EVO9) 1h 54m 16s
3. Azar Anwar/Julius Ngige (EVO8) 1h 55m 08s
4.Jasmeet Chana/Ravi Chana (EVO9) 1h 57m 18s
5. Issa Amwari/Job Njiru (EVO9) 2h 00m 56s
6. Steve Mwangi/Steven Nyorri (Subaru N10) 2h 03m 16s
7. Karan Patel/Tauseef Khan (Subaru gc8) 2h 04m 05s
8. Anwar Pandya/Dipps Mehangra (Subaru) 2h 04m 28s
9. Carl Tundo/Tim Jessop (EVO9) 2h 02m 39s
10. Ronak Shah/Riyaz Ismail (Subaru N12B) 2h05m34s
11. Mahesh Halai/Ketan Halai (Subaru) 2h06m45s
12. James Kirimi/Evans Mwenda (Subaru) 2h07m06s
13. Jonathan Somen/Richard Hecle (Ford Escort) 2h07m43s
14. Hussein Malik/George Mwangi (EVO6) 2h07m54s
15. Steve Gacheru Linet Ayuko (Subaru N10) 2h10m24s
16. Paras Pandya/Falgun Bhojak (Subaru) 2h13m05s
17. Waigwa Murage/Tuta Mionki (Subaru) 2h13m06s
18. Leonardo Varese/Kigo Kareithi (Toyota Corolla RSI) 2h17m28s
19. Dennis Mwenda/Edward Njoroge (Toyota Sprinter GT) 2h18m16s
20. Gurmit Thethy/Depinder Kalsi (VW Golf MK3) 2h19m43s
21. Nadeem Kana/James Mwangi (Subaru) 2h19m44s
22. Rashid Kabi/Allan Muhindi (Subaru) 2h21m09s
23. Taiti Wachira/Eric Nzuva (EVO6) 2h21m43s.
24. Eric Njogu/Tonny Kimondo (Subaru Impreza N8) 2h24m16s
25. Sammy Nyorri/Ida Tallam (Toyota Vitz) 2h26m35s
26. Ramesh Vishram/Rohit “Ro Ro” Bhudia (Ford Escort MKII) 2h28m30s
27. Nikhil Sachania/ C. Singh (Mitsubishi Challenger) 2h28m31s
28. Chandrakant Devji/Jonathan Kosgei (Subaru) 2h28m58
29. Joan Nesbitt/Tamara Jones (Toyota Tercel) 2h37m58s
30.Alex Lairangi/Tony Gichohi (VW Golf MKII) 2h43m24s